Amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition is a randomised controlled trial of Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON trial):
The NEON trial is a double-blind, 2x2 factorial randomised, multi-centre trial that took place in 4 London centres. The study recruited 168 preterm infants below 31 weeks gestational age. The aim of NEON was to confirm the safety and efficacy of providing parenteral (injection straight into the bloodstream, rather than the gut) nutrition as early as possible after birth. The trial is currently being analysed and the results will be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.